Urban Strategies for Onaville, Haiti (TUM-USO)

Onaville, Haiti; Foto CC BY-SA 4.0 Johann-Christian Hannemann, Oktober 2016

Laufzeit:
10/2012 bis heute

Projektteam (2012-heute):
IAS Hans Fischer Senior Fellow/Leibniz Universität Hannover: Prof.Christian Werthmann; Technische Universität München, Lehrstuhl für Landschaftsarchitektur und öffentlichen Raum: Prof. Regine Keller, Johann-Christian Hannemann, Dr. Thomas Hauck; Lehrstuhl für Hydrologie und Flussgebietsmanagement: Prof. Dr. Markus Disse, Dr. Wolfgang Rieger, Patrick Keilholz; Lehrstuhl für Siedlungswasserwirtschaft: Prof. Dr. Harald Horn, Prof. Dr. Brigitte Helmreich, Gökce Iyicil/Fidan; Lehrstuhl für Wasserbau und Wasserwirtschaft: Prof. Dr. Peter Rutschmann, Dr. Franz Zunic; Lehrstuhl für Waldbau: Prof. Dr. Michael Weber; Lehrstuhl für Sustainable Urbanism: Prof. Mark Michaeli; Lehrstuhl für Bodenkunde: Dr. Peter Schad; Extraordinat für Landschaftsökologie: Prof. Dr. Boris Schröder

PhD Kandidat*innen:
Gökce Iyicil/Fidan

Student*innen:
Bjarne Bächle, María Alejandra Casanova, Raphaela Guin, Johann-Christian Hannemann, Valentin Heimhuber, Ines Hoffmann, Sean Kerwin, Wolfgang Krötzinger, Nelly Puren

Kooperationspartner:
Prof. Dipl.-Ing. Christian Werthmann, Leibniz Universität Hannover;
TECHO Haiti, insbesondere Mariana Vázquez del Mercado, Olson Regis, Mariana Aramayo Donoso, Julio Martinez, Roxana Carballo, Lineda Paul, Silvia Rojas, Emmanuel Sougrain, Jean Baptiste Jean Baby, Jean Simon Riot, Vedanise Barbara Mondelus, Philippe Jocelyn, Frantzy Derisma, Kermie; Arbeitskreis Onaville-en-Haut; Arbeitskreis Onaville-en-Bas; Familien aus Onaville, insbesondere Salma Siméus und Marie Celestin; ONU Habitat Haiti; Oxfam; Helvetas Swiss Intercooperation; Unité de Construction de Logements et de Batiments Publics Haiti; Comité Interministériel d‘Aménagement du Territoire Haiti; Direction de la Protection Civile Haiti; Potentiel3.0/Communauté OpenStreetMap Haiti: Frédéric Moine; IOM: Jean Presler; CordAid: Laura Smits; USAID: Chris Ward; VivaRio: Valmir Fachini; World Dynamic Action Onaville; DroneAdventures; DLR

Reiseförderung:
DAAD-PROMOS, TUM-Entwicklungszusammenarbeit

Forschungsziel:
Since late 2012 the inter-disciplinary project platform Urban Strategies for Onaville investigates and designs in trans-disciplinary manner locally adapted, strategic, and integrative development approaches for the improvement of living conditions in an underserviced, unplanned urbanization arisen in the aftermath of the devastating 2010 earthquake. The underlying research question is if the involvement of academia – promoting research in open-ended processes through remote modeling and local field work, mutual learning, and community-based action – can generate less cost intensive, better adapted and more durable solutions when taking the community as main actor in a multi-stakeholder framework.

Kurzbeschreibung:
The setting up of an Internally Displaced Persons camp about 15 km north-east of the earthquake-hit Haitian capital Port-au-Prince caused in 2010 the rise of Canaan, a vast unplanned urban settlement. As new families arrive each day, the pressure on people, land and environment increases. Public services such as water supply, sanitation and electricity are absent in most areas. By 2013 the area was already expected to host 60,000 to 300,000 people with more than 10,000 in the focus area Onaville. Situated on an alluvial cone in the transitional area between the eroded Chaine-de-Matthieux mountain range and the Cul-de-Sac floodplain, Onaville is exposed to multiple environmental hazards (flooding, landslide risk, lack of drinking water, etc.) and characteristic, unplanned urban development. The seasonal river Ravine Madaniel (also named Ravine Lan Couline) marks the border between Onaville and other parts of Canaan, posing large flood related risk to the surrounding settlements. Ongoing land ownership issues, unhampered uncontrolled urbanization, and the lack of a functioning political administration lead to harsh circumstances for the residents of the new city: no major interventions have been executed by the Haitian government or the “International Community”, so that the neighborhoods mostly rely on micro-scale work executed by NGOs and self-organized initiatives. A cooperation with the Port-au-Prince-based non-profit organization TECHO Haïti enabled Master’s and PhD-students of landscape architecture, urbanism, and environmental engineering at the TUM to exchange information, undertake field studies, become active as volunteers, and coordinate action with local initiatives and neighborhood committees in Onaville, Haiti. In return the student researchers have proven to be in a promising position to fill the knowledge deficit in rapidly growing urbanizations, and for bridging the information gap between community, national, and international actors. Research findings (e.g. a state of the art flood hazard analysis) have constantly been presented, improved, re-modeled, and discussed with key actors in the Haitian government, in local authorities, international aid and development agencies, and in meetings with community leaders in Onaville. Thereby the interdisciplinary group’s work has shown that through state of the art modeling combined with practice-oriented research and participatory action academic initiatives may contribute even with very limited financial means to improved knowledge, hazard awareness, community-building, and neighborhood action.

Ausstellung

Das Projekt wird derzeit ausgestellt in "draußen. Landschaftsarchitektur auf globalem Terrain"

Projektvideos

Onaville, Canaan (Haiti)

Johann-Christian Hannemann, Lehrstuhl für Landschaftsarchitektur und öffentlichen Raum, Technische Universität München, 2017 (CC BY-SA 4.0)

Publikationen

Hannemann, Johann-Christian. "Canaan, Haiti. Menschen, Häuser und Naturgewalten nach dem Erdbeben in Haiti" In Draußen. Landschaftsarchitektur auf globalem Terrain, herausgegeben von Andres Lepik, Undine Giseke, Regine Keller, Jörg Rekittke, Antje Stokman, und Christian Werthmann, 62-72. Berlin: Hatje Cantz Verlag, 2017.
Pünktlich zur Ausstellung erschien das Buch draußen / out there in deutscher und englischer Sprache im Verlag Hatje Cantz, 2017. Es ist für 32 € im Buchhandel erhältlich. Ein Blick ins Buch ist auf den Seiten des Verlags möglich: englisch / deutsch.

Heimhuber, Valentin; Hannemann, Johann-Christian; and Rieger, Wolfgang : "Flood Risk Management in Remote and Impoverished Areas—A Case Study of Onaville, Haiti", In: Water 2015, 7(7), 3832-3860; doi:10.3390/w7073832; Special Issue Sustainable Water Management and Decision Making under limited Data Availability

Hannemann, Johann-Christian, Christian Werthmann, and Thomas E. Hauck. “Designing for Uncertainty: The Case of Canaan, Haiti” In Revising Green Infrastructure. Concepts Between Nature and Design, edited by Daniel Czechowski, Thomas Hauck, and Georg Hausladen, 323-351. Boca Raton: CRC Press, 2014. http://dx.doi.org/10.1201/b17639-21

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