Cañada Real Galiana, Madrid—Landscape Architectural Approaches for an Informal Settlement

Cañada Real Galiana, Madrid; Photo CC BY-SA 4.0 Johann-Christian Hannemann, March 2016

Chair: 
Chair of Landscape Architecture and Public Space

Run time:
02/2015 until today

Project team:
Technische Universität München, Lehrstuhl für Landschaftsarchitektur und öffentlichen Raum: Prof. Regine Keller, Johann-Christian Hannemann, Dr. Mark Kammerbauer, Felix Lüdicke
Professur für Partizipative Technikgestaltung: Prof. Dr. Ignacio Farias, Dr. Tomás Criado

Cooperation partners:
Technische Universität München, Professur für Partizipative Technikgestaltung: Prof. Dr. Ignacio Farías, Dr. Tomás Sanchez-Criado (PostDoc)
Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, Escuela Técnica Superior de Arquitectura de Madrid: Prof. Luis Basabe mit Studierenden
Universidad de Alcalá, Madrid: Prof. Daniel Zarza
Proyecto de Intervención Comunitaria Intercultural "Cañada Real Galiana" (ACCEM & Fundación Secretariado Gitano) insbesondere: Micaela Romana Preoteasa und Susana Camacho Arpa
Arquitectura Sin Fronteras Madrid, Arbeitsgruppe Cañada Real Galiana: Ana Isabel Garrido, Francisco Guerrero
Familien der Cañada Real
Goethe Institut Madrid: Margareta Hauschild, Rebeca Castellano
Comunidad de Madrid: José Antonio Martínez de Páramo, Pedro Navarrete
Ministerio de Agricultura, Alimentación y Medio Ambiente: Guillermo Fernández Centeno
Architekturkollektive basurama, zuloark, Todo por la Praxis

Travel grants:
DAAD-PROMOS, ERASMUS-Programm

Research aim:
Design of alternative development scenarios for the informal settlement Cañada Real Galiana in Madrid—between a critical reconstruction of historical cultural landscape and the improvement of the living conditions and environment of the residents on the site.

Short description:
Since the Middle Ages, on the way of Cañada Real Galiana, Merino sheep have been driven from summer to winter pastures. In Spain, these routes have a total length of some 125,000 km. Once, a large part of the Spanish power was based on the wool trade. The Mesta, the union of sheep breeders, represented this power from 1273 to 1836. It organized the migration of sheep from Andalusia and Extremadura to Castile. Today, some of these routes have become recreational routes.

More interesting is the fact, that along Cañada Real Galiana, on a stretch of 15 km southeast of Madrid, the „largest slum of Europe“ has developed. There are about 10-30,000 people illegally living. So far, the Community of Madrid has no clear concept for dealing with the informal settlement and reacts with the re-settlement of the people living here.?The overlapping of a historical structure with informal urbanization, has been the subject of research for more than two years at the Chair of Landscape Architecture and Public Space of TU Munich.

Exhibition

The project was presented from April 27th to August 20th, 2017 in "out there. Landscape Architecture on Global Terrain"

Photo: Johann-Christian Hannemann

Panel Discussion "Cañada Real Galiana, Madrid. The biggest slum of Europe"

04.05.2017, 18:00h

Panel discussion with Maximilian Dorner, Novelist, Regine Keller, and Johann Christian Hannemann, Technische Universität Münchenas part of the event's series of Landeshauptstadt München "Drinnen oder draußen? Zusammenleben in Europa"

Architekturmuseum der Technischen Universität München in co-operation with Kulturreferat, City of München

Project videos

Cañada Real Galiana, Spanien

Regine Keller, Lehrstuhl für Landschaftsarchitektur und öffentlichen Raum, Technische Universität München, 2017 (CC BY-SA 4.0)

Publications

Keller, R.: "Cañada Real Galiana, Spanien—Europe's Biggest Slum". In: Lepik et al. (Ed.) Out There—Landscape Architecture in the Global Terrain, Hatje Cantz 2017, p. 48-57.
Just in time—with the opening of the exhibition out there. Landscape Architecture on Global Terrain—the book for the exhibition was published at Hatje Cantz, Berlin, 2017 (32 €). It is available in English and German language in all book shops.
Preview: English / German.

Additionally, the design and project documentation "Cañada Real Galiana—Landscape Architectural Approaches for an Informal Settlement" is available at our Chair. It compiles student works in the informal settlement Cañada Real Galiana (Madrid) of the years 2015/16. More information: here
If you are interestet in buying it, please write us an E-Mail or visit us directly at our Chair in Freising.

Further Research on the topic of Informal Settlements